Play as Immunization: Mitigating Stress and Supporting Healthy Development through Collective Impact

Dad and DaughterThis article, written by Anna Housley Juster and Saki Iwamoto of Boston Children’s Museum, is reprinted from “The Forum”, the newsletter of the Massachusetts chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics, Winter 2016, Volume 17, No. 1.

Public Health Issue

Play supports healthy child-adult con­nections, social emotional skills, resilien­cy, and executive function — making it one of the best immunizations we have against toxic stress, anxiety, depression, and the behavioral issues that impede school success (Folkman and Moskowitz, 2000; Pellegrini and Bohn-Gettler, 2013; Zigler, Singer, and Bishop-Josef, 2004). In spite of the empirically proven benefits of play, including school success and stress reduction, many children across income groups in the United States are not cur­rently afforded the time, space, and per­mission they need to build the foundational skills required to live physi­cally and mentally healthy lives and to reach their fullest potential.

If a child has medical needs, having the time to play and be connected to their communities improves the overall efficacy of the child. Tragically, children with spe­cial needs are frequently restricted from participating in many play activities, which further impedes the social engage­ment they require. It is not just the child that’s affected; it is the entire family that is influenced by these conditions. One of the challenges that many families face is interpersonal stress when they experi­ence awkward moments with strangers (Seligman and Darling, 2009). Given the positive effects of play on young children’s brain development and the negative ef­fects of play deprivation, the rapid decline in access to play is a critical matter of public health.

Recently, the AAP has urged pediatri­cians nationwide to communicate the im­portance of play to families (Ginsburg, 2007; Ginsburg and Milteer, 2012). How­ever, doctors and nurses have limited time with patients, and there is a lot to cover during annual well visits. Working to­gether across sectors, we can achieve greater impact through strategic partner­ships and shared resources to directly in­fluence children’s access to the benefits of play in everyday life. How?

Focus on Positive Impact

It is widely understood that there are sev­eral obstacles to play in young children’s lives today. A recent MCAAP newsletter references substantial increases in screen time as one potential contributing factor to the decline in play (Dietz and Lustig, 2015). Parents are also blamed regarding their decisions about children’s time use. Middle- and upper-income parents are criticized for over-scheduling and over-protecting their children and placing too much pressure on school success (Anderegg, 2003; Elkind, 2001; Luthar, 2003; Warner, 2005). On the other hand, low-income families are encouraged to enroll their children in more academic extra-curricular activities (Dearing et al., 2009; Griffith and Smith, 2005; Guryan, Hurst, and Kearney, 2008; Prins and Willson Toso, 2008). It is increasingly unclear what “good parenting” means. This additional pressure and criticism of parents is not useful and can further contribute to over­all family stress. By starting with parents’ strengths and supporting the positive out­comes of play we can avoid blame.

Form Strategic Partnerships to Support Play

Community- or place-based efforts in supporting children’s growth and devel­opment are especially important in the earliest learning years (Bruner, 2004). The play experiences that spaces such as chil­dren’s museums provide “prompt parents and caregivers to explore, pose questions, make connections, exchange information and ideas, and instill in young children not only a love of learning, but also the skills for learning” (Howard, 2013). Creat­ing an accessible and supportive environ­ment is key to increasing children’s participation in play (King et al., 2003). At Boston Children’s Museum, we take our role in supporting children’s healthy men­tal and physical development very serious­ly. We have developed key partnerships to make opportunities for play as accessible as possible for all children and adults within the Museum and in neighborhood-based locations such as doctors’ offices across the state of Massachusetts.

Morningstar Access at Boston Children’s Museum: Mitigating Stress through Special Opportunities for Play

In order to support play opportunities for children with special needs or medical needs and to foster positive social interac­tions among communities of families, Morningstar Access at Boston Children’s Museum affords regular opportunities for children and adults to visit the Museum outside of normal business hours. Fami­lies can play and learn together when the Museum is much quieter and individual­ized accommodations are provided.

Funded by the Liberty Mutual Founda­tion, Morningstar Access happens once per month. Please encourage families with special needs to view dates and register through http://www.bostonchildrensmuseum.org/morningstar.

Reach Out and Read…and Play: Opportunities for Playful Learning at Doctors’ Offices

Finding ways to encourage play in chil­dren’s everyday lives is critical if we want to affect systemic change. Boston Chil­dren’s Museum has collaborated with Reach Out and Read to foster opportuni­ties for children to play and learn in wait­ing and exam rooms. We have designed and distributed 1,200 posters, including two different activities that can be conver­sation starters in the context of play, fos­tering adult-child connection, language skills, and creativity.

One poster provides an I Spy challenge and the other encourages children and adults to imagine their own story. Office staff in more than 300 Massachusetts pe­diatricians’ offices and health centers will be using these posters to facilitate conver­sations about the critical importance of play for all children’s healthy develop­ment, school success, and stress reduction. These posters also provide patients with information about our many ways to save on Museum admission including our Target $1 Friday Nights (when admission is only $1 per person) and our EBT dis­count, a $2.00 cash admission per guest for up to four people.

If you do not currently have these post­ers in your offices, please contact us to learn more. To help spread the word about access to hands-on play please direct fam­ilies to http://www.bostonchildrensmuseum.org/visit/ways-save.

Conclusion: Given that parents are most directly responsible for decisions regarding their young children’s time outside of school, they can be powerful advocates and affect change when given the right support. Through a collective impact approach across multiple sectors, we can take steps to increase play opportunities for all children regardless of family income.

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s